Situated in the Piedmont region of North Carolina near the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Ft. Dobbs State Historic Site provides a window into the tumultuous period of history known as the French and Indian War (1754-1763) or Seven Years War. After that fort was taken, the focus of combat in the French and Indian War moved northward, further away from the Cherokee homelands, and a number of Cherokee warriors felt that their contributions to the war effort were unappreciated. In raids on April 25 and 26, 1759, several parties of Cherokee led by Moytoy of Citico struck at settlements on the Yadkin and Catawba Rivers against the wishes of Cherokee leaders such as Attakullakulla, killing around 19 men, women and children, and taking more than 10 scalps from those killed, including eight scalps from settlers living on Fourth Creek.
[34] The Catawba, who were allied to the provinces of North and South Carolina, were only able to provide minimal assistance to the English in the defense of their frontiers, as that tribe's settlements had been decimated by smallpox in 1759 and early 1760. [50][51] The campaign against the Cherokees displaced approximately 5,000 tribe members,[50] and permanently pushed that tribe's zone of control west, across the Appalachian Mountains. Is this a must-do if you are travelling with a, Is this a place or activity you would suggest for, Are the prices for this place or activity, Is this a place or activity you would go to on a, Is this attraction a good place to visit on a, My family and I were travelling back to MA when we decided to make a quick stop, saw the sign just off the exit and decided to investigate. Jahrhundert. Francis Brown and future governor Richard Caswell, commissioners appointed by Dobbs to inspect frontier defenses,[19] wrote the following report to the North Carolina General Assembly on December 21, 1756: [Brown and Caswell] had likewise viewed the State of Fort Dobbs and found it to be a good and Substantial Building of the Dimentions [sic] following (that is to say) The Oblong Square fifty three feet by forty, the opposite Angles Twenty four feet and Twenty-Two In height Twenty four and a half feet as by the Plan annexed Appears, The Thickness of the Walls which are made of Oak Logs regularly Diminished from sixteen Inches to Six, it contains three floors and there may be discharged from each floor at one and the same time about one hundred Musketts [sic] the same is beautifully scituated [sic] in the fork of Fourth Creek a Branch of the Yadkin River. [47][48] The following year, in 1761, various delays hampered the movement of North Carolina troops. [16][17] Hugh Waddell, an Irish soldier who had close ties to Governor Dobbs and who was the commander of "Frontier Company" of Provincial soldiers in 1755, oversaw construction of the fort, and named it after the governor. In 1759, Waddell ordered six swivel guns for use Of Fort Dobbs. [61] From these comparisons, the contemporary description of the fort, and the soil record, Babits concluded that the "opposite angles" described by Francis Brown in 1756 actually referred to "flankers", or square wooden structures attached to the corner of the fort that would have allowed defending soldiers to shoot into the flank of any attacking forces surrounding the building. Eventually tensions between the Cherokee and the colonists reached a head when Cherokee warriors were attacked by settlers in Virginia, including an unknown number who were ambushed by frontier militia groups who alleged that the Cherokee had slaughtered cattle and stolen horses that belonged to Virginian settlers. [32] This violence damaged peace talks between Attakullakulla and South Carolina governor William Lyttelton, who considered the territory west of the Yadkin River in North Carolina to be within South Carolina's sphere of influence.
Evidence of this dig was discovered in the 21st century in a later archaeological study. I'm a history buff and I have visited many forts around the world.


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